The Open Web Application Security Project (OWASP) Top 10 is an industry-recognized list of the most critical web application security risks. Developed by security experts, Jeff Williams and Dave Wichers, the list is designed to help organizations identify and mitigate the most critical web application security risks.
The OWASP Top 10 provides a comprehensive list of the most common and critical web application security risks. It is not intended to be an exhaustive list of all security risks, but rather an overview of the most important risks to consider. The list includes:
2. Broken Authentication and Session Management
3. Cross-Site Scripting (XSS)
4. Insecure Direct Object References
5. Security Misconfiguration
6. Sensitive Data Exposure
7. Missing Function Level Access Control
8. Cross-Site Request Forgery (CSRF)
9. Using Components with Known Vulnerabilities
10. Insufficient Logging and Monitoring
In order to mitigate the most critical web application security risks, Jeff Williams and Dave Wichers recommend taking a layered approach to security. This approach involves implementing multiple layers of security controls to protect web applications from malicious actors. The first layer of defense should be to identify and classify the security risks associated with the application. This can be done through threat modeling or vulnerability assessments.
Once the risks have been identified, organizations should implement security controls to reduce or eliminate them. This includes implementing secure coding practices, input validation, access control, and authentication. Additionally, organizations should consider using security tools such as Web Application Firewalls (WAFs) and Intrusion Detection/Prevention Systems (IDS/IPS) to detect and block malicious activity.
Organizations should also consider implementing logging and monitoring systems to detect and respond to suspicious activity on their networks. This should include logging all user activity, monitoring for malicious activity, and responding to any suspicious activity. Additionally, organizations should consider implementing a patch management system to ensure that all applications and systems are up to date and secure.
Finally, organizations should ensure that their personnel have the appropriate knowledge and training to understand and mitigate web application security risks. This includes training on secure coding practices, secure configuration, and secure development lifecycle processes.
By taking a layered approach to web application security and implementing the appropriate security controls, organizations can effectively mitigate the most critical web application security risks. With the OWASP Top 10, organizations can be better prepared to identify and mitigate the most critical security risks and ensure their applications are secure.